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Change fm 2010
Area (sq.mi.)
Land area(sq.mi.)
Altitude (ft.)
Rainfall (in.)
Jan. avg. min.
July avg. max.
Civilian labor
Per Capita inc.
Prop. Value
Retail Sales


 Map of Fort Bend County
Click to enlarge. Map legend.

Physical Features: On Gulf Coastal Plain; drained by Brazos River and San Bernard River; Smithers Lake; level to rolling; rich alluvial soils.

Economy: Agribusiness, petrochemicals, technology, government/services; many residents work in Houston.

locator map for Fort Bend County

History: Karankawa groups in area, who retreated to Mexico by the 1850s. Named for river bend where some of Austin’s colonists settled in 1824 and built a blockhouse for protection against the Indians. Antebellum plantations made it one of six Texas counties with black majority in 1850. County created in 1837 from Austin County and organized in 1838.

Race/Ethnicity: (In percent) Anglo, 31.9; Black, 21.3; Hispanic, 24.9; Asian, 20.9; Other, 0.7; Two or more races, 2.3.

Vital Statistics, annual: Births, 9,887; deaths, 2,984; marriages, 3,321; divorces, 1,871.

Recreation: Many historic sites, museums, memorials, parks; George Ranch historical park; Brazos Bend State Park with George Observatory; fishing, waterfowl hunting.

Minerals: Oil, gas, sulfur, salt, clays, sand and gravel.

Agriculture: Nursery crops, cotton, sorghum, corn, hay, cattle, horses; irrigation for rice. Market value $85 million.

RICHMOND (13,271) county seat; foundry; University of Houston branch, Wharton County Junior College branch; Richmond State supported-living center, hospital.

SUGAR LAND (129,423) government/services, prisons, commuting to Houston; hospitals; University of Houston branch; Museum of Southern History. New Territory and Greatwood are now part of Sugar Land.

MISSOURI CITY (79,390, part [5,603] in Harris County) hospital.

ROSENBERG (41,345) varied industry, railroad museum.

Other towns include: Arcola (2,300); Beasley (784); Cinco Ranch (24,854); Fairchilds (999); Fresno (24,844); Fulshear (12,255); Guy (239); Katy (20,417, mostly in Harris County) hospital; Kendleton (451); Meadows Place (4,409); Mission Bend (45,175).

Also, Needville (3,416) agriculture, commuting, historic Schendel house, historic cemetery, Czech soup supper in January; Orchard (430); Pecan Grove (19,886); Pleak (1,450); Simonton (945); Stafford (19,260, partly in Harris County); Thompsons  (307); Weston Lakes (3,327).

Also, part [38,124] of Houston.

city hall of Sugarland

The city hall of Sugar Land.