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Counties

Population
Change fm 2010
Area (sq.mi.)
Land area(sq.mi.)
Altitude (ft.)
Rainfall (in.)
Jan. avg. min.
July avg. max.
Civilian labor
Unemployed
Wages
Per Capita Inc.
Prop. Value
Retail Sales

18,836
– 2.8
1,498.4
1,496.9
3,650–4,460
20.05
22.5
91.4
7,991
3.1
$81,407,640
$37,947
$2,300,095,075
$362,288,372

map of Deaf Smith County
Click to enlarge. Map legend.
 

Physical Features: High Plains county, partly broken; chocolate and sandy loam soils; drains to Palo Duro and Tierra Blanca creeks.

Economy: Agriculture, varied industries, meat packing, offset printing.

locator map for Deaf Smith County

History: Apache Indians, were displaced by Comanches and Kiowas. Ranching developed after the U.S. Army drove out the Indian tribes 1874-1875. Farming began after 1900. Hispanic settlement increased after 1950. County created in 1876 from the Bexar District; organized in 1890. Named for famed scout in Texas Revolution, Erastus "Deaf" Smith.

Race/Ethnicity: (In percent) Anglo, 24.7; Black, 1.8; Hispanic, 73.1; Asian, 0.6; Other, 1.8; Two or more races, 1.1.

Vital Statistics, annual: Births, 348; deaths, 143; marriages, 154; divorces, 37.

Recreation: Museum, tours, POW camp chapel; Cinco de Mayo, Pioneer Days in May.

Minerals: Insignificant.

Agriculture: Leading agricultural county, dairies (second in number of milk cows), feedlot operations, cotton, wheat, sorghum, corn; 50 percent irrigated. Market value $1.38 billion, first in state.

HEREFORD (15,554) county seat; cattle feeding, agriculture, trucking; hospital; Amarillo College branch; aquatic center.

Other towns include: Dawn (52).

Grain fields south of Hereford.

Grain fields south of Hereford. Photo by Robert Plocheck.