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Counties

Population
Change fm 2010
Area (sq.mi.)
Land area(sq.mi.)
Altitude (ft.)
Rainfall (in.)
Jan. avg. min.
July avg. max.
Civilian labor
Unemployed
Wages
Per Capita Inc.
Prop. Value
Retail Sales

12,813
– 7.4
902.1
900.3
2,580–3,220
19.14
26.0
93.1
4,532
4.4
$43,924,549
$34,055
$1,165,063,880
$170,564,411

map of Dawson County
Click to enlarge. Map legend.
 

Physical Features: South Plains county, broken on the east; loam and sandy soils.

Economy: Agriculture, farm and gin equipment manufacturing, peanut plant, government/services.

locator map for Dawson County

History: Comanche, Kiowa area. Ranching developed in 1880s. Farming began after 1900. Hispanic population increased after 1940. County created from Bexar District, 1876, organized 1905; named for Nicholas M. Dawson, San Jacinto veteran.

Race/Ethnicity: (In percent) Anglo, 35.9; Black, 6.1; Hispanic, 57.2; Asian, 0.8; Other, 1.4; Two or more races, 1.3.

Vital Statistics, annual: Births, 166; deaths, 129; marriages, 77; divorces, 38.

Recreation: Parks, museum, campground, part of Quanah Parker Trail; Lamesa poetry and music fest in May.

Minerals: Oil, natural gas.

Agriculture: Cotton, peanuts, sorghums, watermelons, alfalfa, grapes. 60,000 acres irrigated. Market value $73.1 million.

LAMESA (9,505) county seat; agribusiness, food processing, oil-field services, some manufacturing, computerized cotton-classing office; hospital, library; Howard College branch; prison unit; chicken-fried steak festival last weekend in April.

Other towns include: Ackerly (237, partly in Martin County), Los Ybanez (18) and Welch (246). Also, O’Donnell (817, mostly in Lynn County) bust of Dan Blocker.

Irrigated cotton field west of Lamesa.

An irrigated cotton field west of Lamesa. Photo by Robert Plocheck.