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Change fm 2010
Area (sq.mi.)
Land area(sq.mi.)
Altitude (ft.)
Rainfall (in.)
Jan. avg. min.
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 map of Bastrop County
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Map legend.

Physical Features: Rolling; alluvial, sandy, loam soils; varied timber, Lost Pines; bisected by Colorado River; Lake Bastrop.

Economy: Government/services; tourism; agribusiness; bio-technology research; computer-related industries; commuters to Austin.

locator map for Bastrop County

History: Tonkawa Indian area; Comanches also present. Spanish fort established in 1804. County created in 1836, organized in 1837; named for Baron de Bastrop, who aided Moses and Stephen F. Austin in establishing the colony in the 1820s.

Race/Ethnicity: (In percent) Anglo, 51.1; Black, 7.3; Hispanic, 39.7; Asian, 0.9; Other, 2.1; Two or more races, 2.1.

Vital Statistics, annual: Births, 1,048; deaths, 660; marriages, 514; divorces, 185.

Recreation: Fishing, hunting; Bastrop State Park and Buescher State Park; Lake Bastrop; historic sites; museum; railroad park; natural science center; nature trails.

Minerals:  Lignite and clay.

Agriculture: Beef cattle, hay, pecans, turfgrass. Market value $44.7 million. Pine for lumber, oak for firewood.

BASTROP (9,211) county seat; government/services, tourism, hospitals, University of Texas cancer research center, federal prison; riverwalk; Yesterfest in April.

ELGIN (10,234) bricks, sausage manufacturing; horse, cattle breeding; medical research; depot museum; Western Days in June, Hogeye festival in October.

Smithville (4,558) government/services, hospital, railroad; parks, hike & bike trails, museums; jamboree on weekend after Easter, Reel Film Expo in May.

Other towns: Cedar Creek (145); Circle D-KC Estates (2,737); McDade (719) watermelon festival in July; Paige (275); Red Rock (40); Rosanky (210) automotive museum; Wyldwood (2,719). Also, Camp Swift (7,681).

Flowers along US 290 in Bastrop County
Flowers along US 290 in Bastrop County. Photo by Ron Billings, Texas A&M Forest Service.