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Travis County

Filed Under: 
Counties

Population
Change fm 2010
Area (sq.mi.)
Land area(sq.mi.)
Altitude (ft.)
Rainfall (in.)
Jan. mean. min.
July mean max.
Civilian labor
Unemployed
Wages
Per Capita Inc.
Prop. Value
Retail Sales

1,199,323
17.1
1,023.0
990.2
400–1,421
34.32
36.3
95.2
698,298
2.8
$11,605,734,153
$58,362
$185,614,997,410
$21,127,587,082

map of Travis County
Click to enlarge. Map legend.
 

Physical Features: Central county of scenic hills, broken by Colorado River; Lake Travis, Lake Austin, Lady Bird Lake, Walter E. Long Lake; cedars, pecans, other trees; diverse soils, mineral deposits.

Economy: Government/services, education, technology, research and industry.

History: Tonkawa and Lipan Apache area; Comanches, Kiowas arrived about 1700. Spanish missions from East Texas temporarily relocated near Barton Springs in 1730 before removing to San Antonio. Anglo-Americans arrived in the early 1830s. County created in 1840, when Austin became Republic’s capital, from Bastrop County; organized in 1843; named for Alamo commander Col. William B. Travis; many other counties created from its original area.

Race/Ethnicity: (In percent) Anglo, 49.4; Black, 8.9; Hispanic, 33.8; Asian, 6.8; Other, 1.4; Two or more races, 2.5.

Vital Statistics, annual: Births, 16,386; deaths, 5,380; marriages, 8,618; divorces, 2,792.

Recreation: Colorado River lakes, hunting, fishing; McKinney Falls State Park; LBJ Presidential Library, Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center; collegiate, metropolitan, governmental events; official buildings and historic sites; museums, including Bullock state history museum; Sixth St. restoration area; scenic drives; many city parks; South by Southwest film, music festival in March.

Minerals: Production of lime, stone, sand, gravel, oil and gas.

Agriculture: Cattle, nursery crops, hogs; sorghum, corn, cotton, small grains, pecans. Market value $41.7 million.

Education: University of Texas, St. Edward’s University, Concordia Lutheran University, Huston-Tillotson College, Austin Community College, Episcopal and Presbyterian seminaries.

AUSTIN (921,781, part [35,697] in Williamson County) county seat and state capital; state and federal payrolls, IRS center, high-tech industries, healthcare/hospitals, including state institutions for blind, deaf, mental illnesses; popular retirement area. Anderson Mill Del Valle and Oak Hill are now part of Austin.

Other towns include: Bee Cave (6,117) retail, tourism, SpringFest in April; Briarcliff (1,536); Creedmoor (218); Garfield (1,783); Jonestown (2,018) tourism, retail, commuters, Chili Pod chili cook-off in April; Lago Vista (7,051); Lakeway (13,945) residential real estate, retail, tourism, lake activities; Manchaca (1,303); Manor (7,896); Mustang Ridge (970, partly in Caldwell County).

Also, Pflugerville (56,313) high-tech industries, agriculture, government/services, Deutchenfest in May; Point Venture (942); Rollingwood (1,539); San Leanna (542); Sunset Valley (730); The Hills (2,622) residential community; Volente (598); Webberville (428);  Wells Branch (12,718); West Lake Hills (3,172).

Also, part [489] of Cedar Park, part [882] of Jollyville and part [1,362] of Round Rock, all mostly in Williamson County.

water trickles down into Hamilton Pool near Bee Cave

Water trickles down into Hamilton Pool near Bee Cave. Photo by Ann Smith.

 

Texas Almanac

Texas Almanac