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Counties

Population
Change fm 2010
Area (sq.mi.)
Land area(sq.mi.)
Altitude (ft.)
Rainfall (in.)
Jan. avg. min.
July avg. max.
Civilian labor
Unemployed
Wages
Per Capita Inc.
Prop. Value
Retail Sales

12,799
1.2
890.9
888.8
3,080–3,600
19.58
26.9
92.4
5,151
4.9
$40,503,846
$35,729
$1,012,552,189
$114,210,626

map of Terry County
Click to enlarge. Map legend.
 

Physical Features: South Plains, broken by draws, playas; sandy, sandy loam, loam soils.

Economy: Government/services, oil-field services, agribusiness.

History: Comanches removed in the 1870s by the U.S. Army. Ranching developed in the 1890s; farming after 1900. Oil discovered in 1940. County named for Confederate Col. B.F. Terry, head of the Eighth Texas Cavalry (Terry’s Texas Rangers). Created from the Bexar District in 1876; organized in 1904.

Race/Ethnicity: (In percent), Anglo, 39.5; Black, 5.0; Hispanic, 54.9; Asian, 0.6; Other, 1.2; Two or more races, 1.3.

Vital Statistics, annual: Births, 210; deaths, 139; marriages, 62; divorces, 32.

Recreation: Museum, aquatic center, quilt show in April, harvest festival in October.

Minerals: Oil, gas, salt mining.

Agriculture: Cotton is principal crop; peanuts (third in acreage), grain sorghum, guar, wheat, melons, cucumbers, sesame. 98,000 acres irrigated. Market value $125.8 million.

BROWNFIELD (9,548) county seat; oil-field services, wind energy, agribusiness, minerals and peanut processing; hospital; prison.

Other towns include: Meadow (555); Tokio (6); Wellman (196).

Terry County Courthouse in Brownfield

The Terry County Courthouse in Brownfield. Photo by Robert Plocheck.