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Counties

Population
Change fm 2010
Area (sq.mi.)
Land area(sq.mi.)
Altitude (ft.)
Rainfall (in.)
Jan. avg. min.
July avg. max.
Civilian labor
Unemployed
Wages
Per Capita Inc.
Prop. Value
Retail Sales

1,295
13.3
923.5
923.5
2,000–2,760
20.46
28.2
93.6
548
3.6
$5,656,319
$52,067
$991,263,540
$12,190,300

map of Sterling County
Click to enlarge. Map legend.
 

Physical Features: Central prairie, surrounded by hills, broken by Concho River and tributaries; sandy to black soils.

Economy: Ranching, oil and gas, hunting leases.

History: Ranching began in the late 1870s after the Comanches, Kickapoos, and other tribes were removed by the U.S. Army. County named for buffalo hunter W.S. Sterling; created in 1891 from Tom Green County, organized the same year.

Race/Ethnicity: (In percent) Anglo, 57.1; Black, 1.8; Hispanic, 38.6; Asian, 0.4; Other, 2.0; Two or more races, 1.6.

Vital Statistics, annual: Births, 20; deaths, 9; marriages, 11; divorces, 5.

Recreation: Hunting of deer, quail, turkey, dove; hunters appreciation dinner in November; junior livestock show in January.

Minerals: Oil, natural gas.

Agriculture: Meat goats, sheep, beef cattle, wheat, hay; about 600 acres irrigated.

STERLING CITY (996) county seat; farm, ranch trade center, oil-field services.

ranch entrance along Texas 158 west of Sterling City

A ranch entrance along Texas 158 west of Sterling City. Photo by Robert Plocheck.