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Smith County

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Counties

Population
Change fm 2010
Area (sq.mi.)
Land area(sq.mi.)
Altitude (ft.)
Rainfall (in.)
Jan. avg. min.
July avg. max.
Civilian labor
Unemployed
Wages
Per Capita Inc.
Prop. Value
Retail Sales

225,290
7.4
949.7
921.5
275–671
46.63
36.4
92.7
107,332
3.8
$1,095,250,173
$50,224
$18,368,546,282
$3,735,846,754

 
Click to enlarge. Map legend.
 

Physical Features: Populous East Texas county of rolling hills, many timbered; Sabine, Neches rivers, other streams; Lake Palestine, Lake Tyler, Lake Tyler East; alluvial, gray, sandy loam, clay soils.

Economy: Medical facilities, education, government/services, agribusiness, petroleum production, manufacturing, distribution center, tourism.

History: Caddoes of area reduced by disease and other tribes in the 1790s. Cherokees settled in the 1820s; removed in 1839. In the late 1820s, first Anglo-American settlers arrived. Antebellum slaveholding area. County named for Texas Revolution Gen. James Smith; county created and organized in 1846 from Nacogdoches County.

Race/Ethnicity: (In percent) Anglo, 60.1; Black, 17.8; Hispanic, 19.2; Asian, 1.6; Other, 0.9; Two or more races, 1.7.

Vital Statistics, annual: Births, 3,150; deaths, 2,111; marriages, 1,781; divorces, 563.

Recreation: Activities on Palestine, Tyler lakes; Rose Garden; state park; Goodman Museum; Caldwell Zoo; collegiate events; Juneteenth celebration, Rose Festival in October, Azalea Trail, East Texas Fair in September/October.

Minerals: Oil, gas.

Agriculture: Horticultural crops and nurseries, beef cattle, forages, fruits and vegetables, horses, Christmas trees. Market value $76.8 million. Timber sales substantial.

TYLER (104,346) county seat; health services, education, retail center, varied manufacturing; University of Texas at Tyler, Tyler Junior College, Texas College, University of Texas Health Center; hospitals, nursing school; museums, Camp Ford historic park; claims title, “Rose Capital of the Nation."

Other towns include: Arp (987) Strawberry Festival in April; Bullard (2,774, part in Cherokee County); Flint (2,500); Hideaway (3,022); Lindale (5,495) distribution center, foundry, varied manufacturing, Country Fest in October; New Chapel Hill (604); Noonday (815) Sweet Onion festival in June; Troup (1,909, part in Cherokee County) plastic manufacturing, motorcyle customization, Crawfish Boil in May; Whitehouse (8,210) commuters to Tyler, government/services, Yesteryear festival in June; Winona (602).

Part of Overton (2,537, mostly in Rusk County).

East Texas Medical Center in Tyler

The East Texas Medical Center in Tyler. Photo by Robert Plocheck.

 

Texas Almanac

Texas Almanac