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Physical Features: Rolling, draining to Colorado and tributaries; sandy, red, dark soils; Lake Colorado City, Mitchell County Reservoir and Champion Creek Reservoir.
Economy: Government/services, agribusiness, oil, some manufacturing.
History: Jumano Indians in area; Comanches arrived about 1780. Anglo-American settlers arrived in the late 1870s after Comanches were forced into Indian Territory. County created in 1876 from Bexar District and organized in 1881; named for pioneer brothers Asa and Eli Mitchell.
Race/Ethnicity: (In percent) Anglo, 48.7; Black, 11.6; Hispanic, 38.7; Asian, 0.6; Other, 1.5.
Vital Statistics, annual: Births, 93; deaths, 102; marriages, 60; divorces, 33.
Recreation: Lake activities, state park, museums, hunting, Colorado City playhouse.
Agriculture: Cotton principal crop, grains also produced. Cattle, sheep, goats, hogs raised. Market value $21.2 million.
COLORADO CITY (4,162) county seat; prison, government/services, hospital; Quanah Parker Arrow Trail; railhead trade days in March and November.
Downtown Colorado City. Photo by Billy Hathorn (CC).