Major Military Installations
Data are taken from the U.S. Department of Defense "Base Structure Report 2015" and other sources. "Civilian" refers to Department of Defense personnel.
Naval Air Station Corpus Christi
Location: Corpus Christi (est. 1941).
Address: NAS Corpus Christi, 11001 D St.,
Corpus Christi 78418
Main phone number: (361) 961-2811.
Personnel: 1,270 active-duty; 439 reserve; 713 civilians.
Major units: Naval Air Training Command Headquarters; Training Air Wing 4; Marine Aviation Training Support Group; Coast Guard Air Group; Corpus Christi Army Depot (est. 1961).
Naval Air Station-Joint Reserve Base Fort Worth
Location: westside Fort Worth (est. 1994)
[Carswell, est. 1942 as Fort Worth Army Air Field, closed 1993].
Address: NAS-JRB, 1510 Chennault Ave., Fort Worth 76113
Main phone number: (817) 782-3058
Personnel: Active-duty — 4 Army, 233 Navy, 504 Marines, 169 Air Force; Reserve — 428 Army, 2,036 Navy, 1,428 Marines, 1,827 Air Force, 946 Air National Guard; 793 civilians.
Major units: Navy Fleet Logistics Support Squadrons 59 and 46; 8th Marine Corps District; Marine Air Group 41; 14th Marine Regiment; Marine Aviation Logistics Squadron 41; Marine Fighter Attach Squadron 112; 36th Airlift Wing, Texas Air National Guard; 90th Aviation Support Battalion; 10th Air Force, 301st Fighter Wing, Air Force Reserve.
Naval Air Station Kingsville
Location: Kingsville (est. 1942).
Address: NAS Kingsville, Texas 78363
Main phone number: (361) 516-6136
Personnel: 448 active-duty; 205 reserve; 221 civilians.
Major units: Training Air Wing Two; Training Squadrons 21 and 22; Naval Auxiliary Landing Field Orange Grove; McMullen Target Range, Escondido Ranch.
Location: El Paso (est. 1849).
Address: Fort Bliss, Texas 79916
Main phone number: (915) 568-2121
Personnel: 26,558 active-duty; 188 reserve; 5,656 civilians.
Major units: 1st Armored Division; 32nd Air and Missile Defense Command; 15th Sustainment Brigade; 5th Armored Brigade; Air Defense Artillery School; 11th Air Defense Artillery Brigades; Joint Task Force North; 204th Military Intelligence Battalion; 212th Fires Brigade; 402nd Field Artillery Brigade; Biggs Army Airfield (est. 1916).
Location: Killeen (est. 1942).
Address: Fort Hood, Texas 76544
Main phone number: (254) 286-5139
Personnel: 40,330 active-duty; 756 reserve; 6,563 civilians.
Major units: III Corps, Headquarters Command;
First Army Division West; 1st Cavalry Division; 13th Sustainment Command; 89th Military Police Brigade; 3rd Armored Cavalry Regiment; 41st Fires Brigade; 504th Battlefield Surveillance Brigade; Army Operational Test Command; Darnell Army Medical Center.
Fort Sam Houston*
Location: San Antonio (est. 1878).
Address: Fort Sam Houston, Texas 78234
Main phone number: (210) 221-1211
Personnel: 10,991 active-duty; 1,081 reserve; 10,738 civilians.
Major units: U.S. Army North; U.S. Army South; Brooke Army Medical Center; Institute of Surgical Research; Army Medical Command; Army Medical Dept. Center and School; 5th Recruiting Brigade; 12th Brigade, Western Region (ROTC);
Camp Bullis (est. 1917), training area.
Red River Army Depot
Location: 18 miles west of Texarkana (est. 1941).
Address: Red River Army Depot, Texarkana 75507
Main phone number: (903) 334-2141
Personnel: 19 active-duty; 104 reserve; 3,032 civilians.
Major unit: Defense Distribution Center; U.S. Army Tank-Automotive and Armaments Command.
U.S. AIR FORCE
Dyess Air Force Base
Location: Abilene (est. 1942 as Tye Army Airfield, closed at end of World War II, re-established in 1956).
Address: Dyess Air Force Base, Texas 79607
Main phone number: (325) 696-3113
Personnel: 4,266 active-duty; 332 reserve; 623 civilians.
Major units: 7th Bomb Wing (Air Combat Command); 317th Airlift Group.
Goodfellow Air Force Base
Location: San Angelo (est. 1940).
Address: Goodfellow AFB, San Angelo 76908
Main phone number: (325) 654-3876
Personnel: 2,994 active-duty; 32 reserve; 598 civilians.
Major units: 17th Training Group; 517th Training Group; 17th Medical Group. 17th Mission Support Group.
Lackland Air Force Base*
Location: San Antonio (est. 1942 when separated from Kelly Field).
Address: Lackland Air Force Base, Texas 78236
Main phone number: (210) 671-1110
Personnel: 17,950 active-duty; 4,158 reserve; 8,233 civilians.
Major units: 37th Training Wing; 737th Training Group; 340th Flying Training Group; Defense Language Institute; Inter-American Air Force Academy; Kelly Field Annex (was Kelly Air Force Base, est. 1916).
Laughlin Air Force Base
Location: Del Rio (est. 1942).
Address: Laughlin Air Force Base, Texas 78843
Main phone number: (830) 298-3511
Personnel: 1,386 active-duty; 168 reserve; 1,006 civilians.
Major unit: 47th Flying Training Wing.
Randolph Air Force Base*
Location: San Antonio (est. 1930).
Address: Randolph Air Force Base, Texas 78150
Main phone number: (210) 652-1110
Personnel: 2,329 active-duty; 332 reserve; 4,737 civilians.
Major units: 12th Flying Training Wing; 359th Medical Group; Air Education and Training Command; 902nd Mission Support Group; Air Force Recruiting Command; Air Force Manpower Agency.
Sheppard Air Force Base
Location: Wichita Falls (est. 1941).
Address: Sheppard Air Force Base, Texas 76311
Main phone number: (940) 676-2511
Personnel: 4,244 active-duty; 103 reserve; 1,576 civilians.
Major units: 82nd Training Wing; 80th Flying Training Wing; NCO Academy.
* In October 2010, Fort Sam Houston, Lackland AFB and Randolph AFB were merged into Joint Base San Antonio under the jurisdiction of the U.S. Air Force 502nd Air Base Wing, Air Education and Training Command, in accordance with the recommendations of the federal Base Realignment and Closure Commission.
TEXAS MILITARY FORCES
Location: Austin. Just west of MoPac Blvd.
Address: Box 5218, Austin, Texas 78763
Main phone number: (512) 465-5101
Web site: tmd.texas.gov
Adjutant General of Texas:
Maj. General John F. Nichols.
Major units: Joint Force Headquarters, the Standing Joint Interagency Task Force, the 36th Infantry Division, the 147th Reconnaissance Wing, 149th Fighter Wing, and the 136th Airlift Wing. Texas Air National Guard.
Texas Military Forces Museum, open Wednesday–Sunday, 10 a.m. - 4 p.m.
Tracing their history to early frontier days, the Texas Military Forces are organized into the Army and Air National Guard and the Texas State Guard.
The governor is commander-in-chief of the Texas Military Forces. This command function is exercised through the adjutant general appointed by the governor and approved by both federal and state legislative authority.
When not in active federal service, Camp Mabry, in west Austin, serves as the administative and storage headquarters. Camp Mabry was established in the early 1890s as a summer encampment of the Texas Volunteer Guard, a forerunner of the Texas National Guard. The name honors Woodford Haywood Mabry, adjutant general from 1891–1898.
The State Guard, an all-volunteer backup force, was created by the Legislature in 1941. It became an active element of the state military forces in 1965 with a mission of reinforcing the National Guard in emergencies, and replacing National Guard units called into federal service. The State Guard had a membership of approximately 2,232 personnel in 2014.
The Army National Guard is available for state and national emergencies and has been used extensively during hurricanes, tornadoes and floods. There were 19,146 Texans serving in the Texas Army National Guard in 2014.
When the military forces were reorganized following World War II, the Texas Air National Guard was added. Its units augment major Air Force commands. Approximately 3,006 men and women currently make up the Air Guard in the state.
Since 2003, some 31,000 National Guard troops from Texas have served in Iraq and Afghanistan.
In 2014, Adjutant General John F. Nichols commanded a total of some 25,000 soldiers, airmen and civilians.
When called into active federal service, National Guard units come within the chain of command of the Army and Air Force units.