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Counties

Population
Change fm 2010
Area (sq.mi.)
Land area(sq.mi.)
Altitude (ft.)
Rainfall (in.)
Jan. avg. min.
July avg. max.
Civilian labor
Unemployed
Wages
Per Capita Inc.
Prop. Value
Retail Sales

15,254
2.9
753.6
747.6
180–580
30.14
41.8
95.1
6,363
3.1
$68,884,772
$48,857
$6,228,255,867
$169,397,388

map of Karnes County
Click to enlarge. Map legend.

Physical Features: Sandy loam, dark clay, alluvial soils in rolling terrain; traversed by San Antonio River; mesquite, oak trees.

Economy: Oil and gas, agribusiness.

locator map for Karnes County

History: Coahuiltecan area. Spanish ranching began around 1750. Anglo-Americans arrived in 1840s; Polish in the 1850s. County created in 1854 from Bexar, Goliad, and San Patricio counties, organized the same year; named for Texas Revolutionary figure Henry W. Karnes.

Race/Ethnicity: (In percent) Anglo, 37.1; Black, 9.3; Hispanic, 53.3; Asian, 0.5; Other, 1.0; Two or more races, 0.9.

Vital Statistics, annual: Births, 191; deaths, 131; marriages, 16; divorces, 31.

Recreation: Panna Maria, nation’s oldest Polish settlement, founded 1854; Old Helena restored courthouse, museum; hunting, nature tourism, guest ranches.

Minerals: Oil, gas, uranium.

Agriculture: Beef cattle, grain, cotton, hay. Market value $27.6 million.

KARNES CITY (3,813) county seat; oil and gas, agribusiness, tourism, processing center, oil-field servicing, manufacturing; library; Lonesome Dove Fest in September.

KENEDY (3,400) farm and oil center, library, dove/quail hunting, prison, hospital; Bluebonnet Days in April.

Other towns include: Falls City (660) ranching, sausage making, library, city park on river; Gillett (120); Hobson (135); Panna Maria (45); Runge (1,129) oil and gas services, farming, museum, library; cowboy breakfast in December.

The church of Cestohowa

The church at Cestohowa. Photo by Robert Plocheck.