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Houston County

Filed Under: 
Counties

Population
Change fm 2010
Area (sq.mi.)
Land area(sq.mi.)
Altitude (ft.)
Rainfall (in.)
Jan. avg. min.
July avg. max.
Civilian labor
Unemployed
Wages
Per Capita Inc.
Prop. Value
Retail Sales

22,785
– 4.0
1,236.6
1,230.9
150–552
45.18
36.8
93.4
10,167
4.8
$79,425,280
$36,913
$2,825,411,910
$159,149,248

map of Houston County
Click to enlarge. Map legend.
 

Physical Features: East Texas county over half forested; rolling terrain, draining to Neches, Trinity rivers; timber production.

Economy: Livestock, timber, government/services, manufacturing, tourism.

locator map for Houston County

History: Caddo group attracted mission San Francisco de los Tejas in 1690. Spanish town of Bucareli established in 1774. Both lasted only a few years. Anglo-American settlers arrived in the 1820s. County created in 1837 from Nacogdoches County by Republic, organized the same year; named for Sam Houston. Cotton plantations before the Civil War had many slaves.

 

Race/Ethnicity: (In percent) Anglo, 61.9; Black, 26.7; Hispanic, 10.6; Asian, 0.2; Other, 1.8.

Vital Statistics, annual: Births, 207; deaths, 393; marriages, 119; divorces, 57.

Recreation: Fishing, hunting; national forest; Mission Tejas State Park; 75 historical markers; Houston County Lake.

Minerals: Oil, gas, gravel.

Agriculture: Cattle, hay, watermelons, cotton. Market value $49.6 million. Hunting leases. Timber principal income source.

CROCKETT (6,765), county seat; timber, steel and plastic products, clothing manufacturing, Crockett State School; hospital; historic sites; Black Expo in February; fiddlers festival in June.

Other towns include: Grapeland (1,437) steel, agribusiness, oil and gas, Peanut Festival in October; Kennard (341); Latexo (320); Lovelady (635) Lovefest in February; Ratcliff (106).

FM 227 near Augusta

FM 227 near Augusta. Photo by Robert Plocheck.

 

Texas Almanac

Texas Almanac