|Click to enlarge.||Map legend.|
Physical Features: East Texas county over half forested; rolling terrain, draining to Neches, Trinity rivers; timber production.
Economy: Livestock, timber, government/services, manufacturing, tourism.
History: Caddo group attracted mission San Francisco de los Tejas in 1690. Spanish town of Bucareli established in 1774. Both lasted only a few years. Anglo-American settlers arrived in the 1820s. County created in 1837 from Nacogdoches County by Republic, organized the same year; named for Sam Houston. Cotton plantations before the Civil War had many slaves.
Race/Ethnicity: (In percent) Anglo, 61.9; Black, 26.7; Hispanic, 10.6; Asian, 0.2; Other, 1.8.
Vital Statistics, annual: Births, 207; deaths, 393; marriages, 119; divorces, 57.
Recreation: Fishing, hunting; national forest; Mission Tejas State Park; 75 historical markers; Houston County Lake.
Minerals: Oil, gas, gravel.
Agriculture: Cattle, hay, watermelons, cotton. Market value $49.6 million. Hunting leases. Timber principal income source.
CROCKETT (6,765), county seat; timber, steel and plastic products, clothing manufacturing, Crockett State School; hospital; historic sites; Black Expo in February; fiddlers festival in June.
FM 227 near Augusta. Photo by Robert Plocheck.