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Houston County

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Change fm 2010
Area (sq.mi.)
Land area(sq.mi.)
Altitude (ft.)
Rainfall (in.)
Jan. avg. min.
July avg. max.
Civilian labor
Per Capita Inc.
Prop. Value
Retail Sales

– 4.1

map of Houston County
Click to enlarge. Map legend.

Physical Features: East Texas county over half forested; rolling terrain, draining to Neches, Trinity rivers; timber production.

Economy: Livestock, timber, government/services, manufacturing, tourism.

locator map for Houston County

History: Caddo group attracted mission San Francisco de los Tejas in 1690. Spanish town of Bucareli established in 1774. Both lasted only a few years. Anglo-American settlers arrived in the 1820s. County created in 1837 from Nacogdoches County by Republic, organized the same year; named for Sam Houston. Cotton plantations before the Civil War had many slaves.


Race/Ethnicity: (In percent) Anglo, 62.3; Black, 25.5; Hispanic, 10.7; Asian, 0.7; Other, 0.7; Two or more races, 1.2.

Vital Statistics, annual: Births, 207; deaths, 268; marriages, 119; divorces, 57.

Recreation: Fishing, hunting; national forest; Mission Tejas State Park; 75 historical markers; Houston County Lake.

Minerals: Oil, gas, gravel.

Agriculture: Cattle, hay, watermelons, cotton. Market value $49.6 million. Hunting leases. Timber principal income source.

CROCKETT (6,657), county seat; timber, steel and plastic products, clothing manufacturing, Crockett State School; hospital; historic sites; Black Expo in February; fiddlers festival in June.

Other towns include: Grapeland (1,444) steel, agribusiness, oil and gas, Peanut Festival in October; Kennard (324); Latexo (326); Lovelady (626) Lovefest in February; Ratcliff (106).

FM 227 near Augusta

FM 227 near Augusta. Photo by Robert Plocheck.


Texas Almanac

Texas Almanac