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Hartley County

Filed Under: 
Counties

Population
Change fm 2010
Area (sq.mi.)
Land area(sq.mi.)
Altitude (ft.)
Rainfall (in.)
Jan. avg. min.
July avg. max.
Civilian labor
Unemployed
Wages
Per Capita Inc.
Prop. Value
Retail Sales

5,747
– 5.2
1,463.2
1,462.0
3,340–4,465
21.02
21.4
91.6
2,942
2.0
$23,727,922
$53,566
$1,199,513,171
$43,571,473

map of Hartley County
Click to enlarge. Map legend.
 

Physical Features: Panhandle High Plains; drains to Canadian River tributaries, playas; sandy, loam, chocolate soils; lake.

Economy: Agriculture, dairies, gas production.

locator map for Hartley County

History: Apaches in area, pushed out by Comanches around 1700. The U.S. Army removed the Indians in 1875. Pastores (sheepmen) were in area until the 1880s when cattle ranching began. Farming expanded after 1900. County created in 1876 from the Bexar, Young districts; organized in 1891; named for Texas pioneers O.C. and R.K. Hartley.

Race/Ethnicity: (In percent) Anglo, 65.6; Black, 6.3; Hispanic, 26.1; Asian, 0.8; Other, 0.9; Two or more races, 1.3.

Vital Statistics, annual: Births, 60; deaths, 51; marriages, 1; divorces, 7.

Recreation: Lake Rita Blanca activities; ranch museum; XIT Rodeo and Reunion at Dalhart in August.

Minerals: Sand, gravel, natural gas.

Agriculture: Cattle, corn (second in acreage), wheat, hay, dairy cows, vegetables. 155,000 acres irrigated. Market value $1.18 billion. Hunting leases.

CHANNING (366) county seat, old XIT Ranch general headquarters, Roundup in July.

DALHART (8,304, mostly in Dallam County), government/services; agribusiness center for parts of Texas, New Mexico, Oklahoma; railroad; cheese plant; grain operations; junior college branch; hospital; prison.

Also, Hartley (580).

Hartley County Courthouse in Channing

The Hartley County Courthouse in Channing. Photo by Robert Plocheck.

 

Texas Almanac

Texas Almanac