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Physical Features: Rolling, broken area on divide between Pease, Red rivers; Lake Pauline; sandy, loam soils.
Economy: Agriculture, gypsum production, oil and natural gas.
History: Apaches, later the semi-sedentary Wichitas and Comanche hunters. Ranching began in the late 1870s. Farming expanded after 1900. County created in 1858 from Fannin County; re-created in 1876, organized in 1884; named for pioneer brothers Bailey and T.J. Hardeman.
Race/Ethnicity: (In percent) Anglo, 69.8; Black, 9.8; Hispanic, 20.4; Asian, 0.2; Other, 0.8.
Vital Statistics, annual: Births, 44; deaths, 73; marriages, 71; divorces, 11.
Recreation: State park; lake activities; Medicine Mound aborigine gathering site; Quanah Parker monument; hunting of deer, quail, wild hogs.
Minerals: Oil, natural gas, gypsum.
Agriculture: Wheat, cattle, cotton. Market value $25.4 million. Hunting leases.
QUANAH (2,464) county seat; manufacturing, farming, ranching, oil and gas; state hospital, general hospital; historical sites; Fall Festival in September.
Other towns include: Chillicothe (669) farm market center, hospital.
A ranch near Medicine Mound. Photo by Robert Plocheck.