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Galveston County

Filed Under: 
Counties

Population
Change fm 2010
Area (sq.mi.)
Land area(sq.mi.)
Altitude (ft.)
Rainfall (in.)
Jan. mean. min.
July mean max.
Civilian labor
Unemployed
Wages
Per Capita Inc.
Prop. Value
Retail Sales

329,431
13.1
873.8
378.4
sea level–40
50.76
48.6
89.6
160,257
5.2
$1,347,240,799
$47,991
$31,883,417,753
$4,306,765,848

map of Galveston County
Click to enlarge. Map legend.
 

Physical Features: Partly island, partly coastal; flat, artificial drainage; sandy, loam, clay soils; broken by bays.

Economy: Port activities dominate economy; insurance and finance center, petrochemical plants, varied manufacturing, tourism, medical education, oceanographic research, ship building, commercial fishing.

locator map for Galveston County

History: Karankawa and other tribes roamed the area until 1850. French, Spanish and American settlement began in 1815 and reached 1,000 by 1817. County created from Brazoria County in 1838; organized in 1839; named for the Spanish governor of Louisiana Count Bernardo de Gálvez.

Race/Ethnicity: (In percent) Anglo, 57.8; Black, 13.5; Hispanic, 24.1; Asian, 3.5; Other, 0.9; Two or more races, 2.0.

Vital Statistics, annual: Births, 4,133; deaths, 2,675; marriages, 1,876; divorces, 1,026.

Recreation: One of Texas’ most historic cities; popular tourist and convention center; fishing, surfing, boating, sailing and other water sports; state park; historic homes tour in spring, Moody Gardens; Mardi Gras celebration; Rosenberg Library; museums; restored sailing ship, “Elissa,” railroad museum; Dickens on the Strand in early December.

Minerals: Oil, gas, clays, sand and gravel.

Agriculture: Cattle, aquaculture, nursery crops, rice, hay, horses, soybeans, grain sorghum.

GALVESTON (50,137) county seat; tourist center, shipyard, other industries, insurance, port container facility; University of Texas Medical Branch; National Maritime Research Center; Texas A&M University at Galveston; Galveston College; hospitals.

League City (100,711, part [1,562] in Harris County) residential community, commuters to Houston, hospital.

Texas City (49,688) refining, petrochemical plants, port, rail shipping; College of the Mainland; hospital, library; dike; Cinco de Mayo, Shrimp Boil in August.

Bolivar Peninsula (2,742) includes: Port Bolivar (700) lighthouse, free ferry; Crystal Beach (800) seafood industry, sport fishing, tourism, Fort Travis Seashore Park, shorebird sanctuary, Crab Festival in May; Gilchrist (400) and High Island (300).

Other towns include: Bacliff (9,722); Bayou Vista (1,503); Clear Lake Shores (1,188).

Also, Dickinson (19,835) manufacturing, commuters, strawberry festival in May; Friendswood (38,922, part [10,295] in Harris County); Hitchcock (7,710) residential community, tourism, fishing and shrimping, Good Ole Days in August, WWII blimp base, museum.

Also, Jamaica Beach (1,061); Kemah (1,978) tourism, boating, commuters, museum, Blessing of Fleet in August; La Marque (16,208) refining, greyhound racing, farming, hospital, library, Gulf Coast Grill-off in October; San Leon (5,482); Santa Fe (13,025); Tiki Island (1,051).

fishing on a jetty at Galveston

A sportsman at sunset fishes the surf along the seawall in Galveston. Photo by Lamberto Alvarez.

 

Texas Almanac

Texas Almanac