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Physical Features: On rolling prairie; bisected by Brazos; blackland, red, sandy loam soils; mineral springs.
Economy: Government/services, agribusiness, varied manufacturing.
History: Wacos, Tawokanis, Anadarkos in conflict with Comanches. Cherokees alone in area 1830 until 1835 when Anglo-American settlement began. Antebellum slave-holding area. County created 1850 from Limestone, Milam counties; named for Brazos River falls.
Race/Ethnicity: (In percent) Anglo, 51.8; Black, 25.5; Hispanic, 22.1; Asian, 0.3; Other, 1.3.
Vital Statistics, annual: Births, 218; deaths, 198; marriages, 82; divorces, 12.
Recreation: Fishing, hunting, camping; Highland Mansion and Falls on the Brazos.
Minerals: Gravel, sand, oil.
Agriculture: Stocker cattle, cow-calf operations, corn, grain sorghum, soybeans, cotton, wheat, oats (first in acreage), goats, sheep, horses. Some cotton irrigated. Market value $135.3 million.
MARLIN (5,780) county seat; agriculture, prison; hospital; museum.
The Church of the Visitation in Westphalia. Photo by Chris Latham (CC).