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Physical Features: On Rolling Plains; clay loam, sandy soils; drains to Bosque, Paluxy rivers.
Economy: Agricultural, industrial and educational enterprises.
History: Caddo and Anadarko Indians moved to Oklahoma in 1860. Anglo-American settlement began 1854-55. County created from Bosque, Coryell counties 1856; named for George B. Erath, Texas Revolution figure.
Race/Ethnicity: (In percent) Anglo, 76.2; Black, 2.1; Hispanic, 19.9; Asian, 0.8; Other, 1.7.
Vital Statistics, annual: Births, 529; deaths, 322; marriages, 292; divorces, 130.
Recreation: Old courthouse, log cabins, museums; nearby lakes, hunting, Bosque River Park; university fine arts center; Dairy Fest in June.
Minerals: Gas, oil.
Agriculture: Dairies (first in number of milk cows). Beef cattle, horticulture industry, horses raised. Market value $256.4 million.
STEPHENVILLE (19,663) county seat; Tarleton State University, varied manufacturing; hospital, mental health center; Texas A&M research and extension center.
Dublin (3,533) dairies, food processing, varied manufacturing, tourism; library; old Dr Pepper plant; grist mill; St. Patrick’s Day celebration.
The landscape just west of Chalk Mountain on U.S. 67. Photo by Robert Plocheck.