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Physical Features: Contains Texas’ highest mountain; slopes toward Pecos Valley on east, Diablo Bolson on west; salt lakes; unique vegetation in canyons.
Economy: Tourism, government/services, talc mining and processing, agribusiness, sulfur mining.
History: Apaches arrived about 600 years ago. U.S. military frontier after Civil War. Ranching developed after 1880. Mexican migration increased after 1920. County created from El Paso County 1911, organized 1912; named for D.B. Culberson, Texas congressman.
Race/Ethnicity: (In percent) Anglo, 19.2; Black, 0.4; Hispanic, 78.4; Asian, 0.3; Other, 2.0.
Vital Statistics, annual: Births, 27; deaths, 13; marriages, 5; divorces, 2.
Recreation: National park; Guadalupe and El Capitan, twin peaks; scenic canyons and mountains; classic car museum, antique saloon bar; frontier days in June, big buck tournament.
Minerals: Sulfur, talc, marble, oil.
Agriculture: Beef cattle; crops include cotton, vegetables, melons, pecans; 6,000 acres in irrigation. Market value $13.7 million.
VAN HORN (2,008) county seat; agribusiness, tourism, rock crushing, government/services; hospital.
Other towns: Kent (30).
Irrigated cotton fields near Lobo. Photo by Robert Plocheck.