County Description Sources
Physical Features: Descriptions are from U.S. Geological Survey and local sources.
Economy: From information provided by local chambers of commerce and county extension agents.
History: From Texas statutes, Fulmore’s History and Geography of Texas as Told in County Names, WPA Historical Records Survey, Texas Centennial Commission Report and the New Handbook of Texas.
Race/Ethnicity: Percentage estimates from the 2015 American Community Survey conducted by the U.S. Bureau of the Census. "Anglo" refers to non-Hispanic whites. "Asian" refers to persons having origins in the Far East, Southeast Asia or the Indian subcontinent. "Other" includes those of American Indian origin, Pacific Islanders and those who identify with two or more races. People may choose to report more than one race to indicate their racial mixture, such as "American Indian" and "White." People who identify their origin as Hispanic may be of any race. Thus, the totals may add up to more than 100 percent.
Statewide: Anglo, 43.8; Black, 12.8; Hispanic, 38.4; Asian, 4.9; Other, 1.9.
Vital Statistics: From the Texas Department of State Health Services Annual Report for 2014.
Statewide: Births, 387,110; deaths, 183,303; marriages, 177,230; divorces, 71,988.
Recreation: From information provided by local chambers of commerce and county extension agents. Attempts were made to note activities unique to the area or that point to ethnic or cultural heritage.
Minerals: From county extension agents.
Agriculture: Condensed from information provided to the Texas Almanac by county extension agents in 2017. Market value (total cash receipts) of agricultural products sold is from the latest Census of Agriculture of the U.S. Department of Agriculture that was conducted in 2012. (A few counties do not have the market value figure because the USDA withheld the information to protect the privacy of the limited number of producers.)
Cities: The county seat, incorporated cities and towns with post offices are listed. Population figures for incorporated cities and certain census designated places are the Texas State Data Center estimate for Jan. 1, 2015. Population estimates for other towns are from local officials. When figures for small portions of major cities are given, they are in brackets, such as part [46,885] of Dallas in Collin County.