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Cherokee County

Filed Under: 
Counties

Population
Change fm 2010
Area (sq.mi.)
Land area(sq.mi.)
Altitude (ft.)
Rainfall (in.)
Jan. avg. min.
July avg. max.
Civilian labor
Unemployed
Wages
Per Capita Inc.
Prop. Value
Retail Sales

51,668
1.6
1,062.2
1,052.9
187–775
49.54
36.3
91.2
20,782
4.2
$125,402,547
$32,274
$3,497,873,933
$453,477,753

map of Cherokee County
Click to enlarge.
Map Legend.
 

Physical Features: East Texas county; hilly, partly forested; drains to Angelina, Neches rivers; many streams; Lake Palestine, Lake Striker, Lake Jacksonville; sandy, clay soils.

Economy: Government/services, varied manufacturing, agribusiness.

locator map for Cherokee County

History: Caddo tribes attracted Spanish missionaries around 1720. Cherokees began settling area around 1820, and soon afterward Anglo-Americans began to arrive. Cherokees forced to Indian Territory 1839. Named for Indian tribe; created 1846 from Nacogdoches County.

Race/Ethnicity: (In percent) Anglo, 60.8; Black, 14.7; Hispanic, 22.8; Asian, 0.6; Other, 1.7; Two or more races, 2.0.

Vital Statistics, annual: Births, 742; deaths, 557; marriages, 296; divorces, 160.

Recreation: Water sports; fishing, hunting; historic sites and parks, national wildlife refuge; Texas State Railroad; nature trails through forests; lakes.

Minerals: Gas, oil.

Agriculture: Nurseries (second in the state in value of sales), hay, beef cattle, dairies, poultry. Market value $134 million. Timber, hunting income significant.

RUSK (5,513) county seat; agribusiness, tourism, state mental hospital, prison unit; historic footbridge, heritage festival in October.

JACKSONVILLE (14,518) varied manufacturing, plastics, agribusiness, tourism, retail center; hospitals, junior colleges; Love’s Lookout; Tomato Fest in June.

Other towns include: Alto (1,277) farming, timber, light manufacturing, pecan festival in November; Cuney (138); Gallatin (433); Maydelle (250); New Summerfield (1,186); Reklaw (385, partly in Rusk County); Wells (785). Part [47] of Bullard and part [61] of Troup.

Caddo Mounds in Cherokee County
Atop one of the mounds at the site of the Nueces Indian Village. Photo by Robert Plocheck.

 

Texas Almanac

Texas Almanac