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Callahan County

Filed Under: 
Counties

Population
Change fm 2010
Area (sq.mi.)
Land area(sq.mi.)
Altitude (ft.)
Rainfall (in.)
Jan. avg. min.
July avg. max.
Civilian labor
Unemployed
Wages
Per Capita Inc.
Prop. Value
Retail Sales

13,820
 2.0
901.3
899.4
1,350–2,204
27.42
31.4
94.8
5,837
4.1
$18,700,434
$37,919
$1,684,274,100
$141,265,697

map of Callahan County
Click to enlarge.
Map Legend.
 

Physical Features: On divide between Brazos, Colorado rivers; Lake Clyde, Lake Baird; level to rolling.

Economy: Ranching; feed and fertilizer business; many residents commute to Abilene; 200,000 acres in hunting leases.

locator map for Callahan County

History: Comanche territory until the 1870s. Anglo-American settlement began around 1860. County created in 1858 from Bexar, Bosque, and Travis counties; organized in 1877. Named for Texas Ranger J.H. Callahan.

Race/Ethnicity: (In percent) Anglo, 86.3; Black, 1.6; Hispanic, 9.5; Asian, 0.7; Other, 0.9; Two or more races, 1.8.

Vital Statistics, annual: Births, 162; deaths, 179; marriages, 68; divorces, 42.

Recreation: Hunting, lakes; museums; Cross Plains Hunters’ Feed at deer season.

Minerals: Oil and gas.

Agriculture: Cattle, wheat, sorghum, oats. Market value $29.9 million. Hunting leases important.

BAIRD (1,512) county seat; ranching/agricultural trade center, antiques shops, some manufacturing, shipping; historic sites; Railhead Day in May.

Clyde (3,925) steel water systems manufacturing, government/services; library; Pecan Festival in October.

Other towns include: Cross Plains (1,014) oil and gas, agriculture, government/services, home of creator of Conan the Barbarian, museum, Barbarian Festival in June; Putnam (98).

Downtown Baird
Market Street in downtown Baird. Photo by Robert Plocheck.

 

Texas Almanac

Texas Almanac