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Anderson County

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Change fm 2010
Area (sq.mi.)
Land area (sq.mi.)
Altitude (ft.)
Rainfall (in.)
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July avg. max.
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map of Anderson County
Click to enlarge. Map legend.

Physical Features: Forested, hilly East Texas county, slopes to Trinity and Neches rivers; Lake Palestine; sandy, clay, black soils; pines, hardwoods.

Economy: Manufacturing, distribution, agribusiness, tourism; hunting and fishing leases; prison units.

 Anderson County locator map

History: Comanche, Waco, other tribes. Anglo-American settlers arrived in the 1830s. Antebellum slaveholding area. County created and organized from Houston County in 1846; named for K.L. Anderson, last vice president of the Republic of Texas.

Race/Ethnicity: (In percent) Anglo, 59.4; Black, 21.5; Hispanic, 17.5; Asian, 0.9; Other, 0.8; Two or more races, 1.6.

Vital Statistics, annual: Births, 571; deaths, 655; marriages, 407; divorces, 121.

Recreation: Fishing, hunting, streams, lakes; dogwood trails; national wildlife refuge; historic sites; Texas State Railroad depot, park; museums.

Minerals: Oil and gas.

Agriculture: Cattle, hay, truck vegetables, melons, pecans, peaches. Market value $44.6 million. Timber sold.

PALESTINE (19,683), county seat; ´╗┐medical services, education, transportation; ´╗┐clothing, metal, wood products; scientific balloon station; historic bakery; library; vocational-technical facilities; hospital; UT-Tyler extension, community college; Museum of East Texas Culture; hot pepper festival in October.

Other towns include: Cayuga (137); Elkhart (1,307); Frankston (1,239), tourism, packaging industry, oil and gas, commuters to Tyler; depot museum, Square Fair in October; Montalba (110); Neches (175); and Tennessee Colony (300) site of state prisons.

Landscape from Anderson County

Landscape near Engeling Wildlife Management Area. Photo by Robert Plocheck.



Texas Almanac

Texas Almanac