Fire devastation at Possum Kingdom Lake in 2011.

The devastation at Possum Kingdom Lake in April 2011. Texas Parks & Wildlife photo.


         June 9, 2010: Flash Flood. New Braunfels. Storms produced rains in excess of 11 inches, which caused the Guadalupe River to rise over 20 feet in just two hours. Campers, vehicles, boats, homes, and businesses suffered extensive damages along the riverbanks. This flash flood resulted in one death and over $10 million in damage.

         July 2, 2010: Tornado. Hebbronville. An EF1 tornado that developed along the residual shear left behind from Hurricane Alex caused considerable damage in Hebbronville. Over half of the town’s population lost power. and the tornado was reported to be as wide as a football field. The estimated damage was $1.5 million.

         July 4, 2010: Flood. Terry, Lubbock, Garza, and Lynn counties. A series of thunderstorms erupted in the early morning of the Fourth of July over the west South Texas Plains. Local flooding caused numerous roadway closures and damage to over 100 vehicles. While there were no injuries, local officials estimated that over 300 homes and businesses were affected and the economic losses were around $16.5 million.

         July 8, 2010: Flood. Starr County. Another storm that formed in the aftermath of Hurricane Alex, this system dumped an estimated 50 inches or more of rain on the lower Rio Grande Valley over 10 days leading up to July 8. Falcon Reservoir rose during days of rain and finally spilled over on the 8th. The Rio Grande was nearly 2 miles wide at some points. The estimated cost was around $37 million.

         Oct. 24, 2010: Tornado. Rice, Navarro County. An intense EF2 tornado struck the town of Rice with maximum winds of 135 mph. Vehicles were overturned on Interstate 45 and 11 train cars were derailed when the tornado hit the railroad tracks. The football, baseball, and softball fields of the local high school were damaged. and the intermediate school lost the gymnasium roof and suffered a caved in wall. The economic loss was estimated at $1 million.

         Jan. 8, 2011: Heavy Snow. North Texas. Between 3–7 inches of snow fell across Northeast Texas, causing hundreds of vehicle accidents, including more than 40 in Sherman and one fatality. Total damage, $1 million.

         Feb. 27, 2011: Wildfire. West Texas. High winds and temperatures produced a series of wildfire complexes. The costliest was at Lake Tanglewood, in Randall County, burning 1,659 acres and destroying 26 homes at a cost of $25 million. The biggest was in Potter and Carson counties, burning 24,310 acres and 29 homes at a cost of $10 million. A combination of fires near Lubbock, Matador, Post, and Levelland burned 60,500 acres and several urban dwellings, costing $3.45 million.

         March 11, 2011: Wildfire. Jack, Wise counties. High heat, dry air, and high winds produced several fires in North-Central Texas. More than 10,000 acres burned, including fields of hay bales worth $4 million. Three injuries were reported; other property losses were around $1 million.

         April 6, 2011: Wildfire. Swenson, Stonewall County. A wildfire near Swenson was spawned during critical fire conditions due to a cutting torch. The fire burned for 15 days, burning 122,500 acres of grass and ranchland; damage, $2.54 million.

         April 9–13, 2011: Wildfire. Possum Kingdom Lake. Drought and high winds helped spark a massive fire complex that burned for 16 days, destroying 167 homes, 126 other buildings, and 90 percent of Possum Kingdom State Park — about 126,734 acres total. Damage was $120 million, not including the estimated $11 million needed to combat the fire, nor the loss of cattle.

         April 9, 2011: Wildfire. West Texas. Dry conditions near the Pecos River spawned two fires near Midland and Marfa. The former burned 16,500 acres and 34 homes, causing 500 evacuations; the latter was caused by an electrical problem and burned 314,444 acres, 41 homes, and hundreds of cattle and utility poles. Total property damage was estimated at $7.7 million.

         April 15, 2011: Wildfire. Cisco. Dry conditions caused several wildfires in Northwest Texas. The largest was near Cisco, burning around 2,000 acres and destroying five homes. The fires burned 18,000 acres, costing $1.01 million.

         April 17, 2011: Wildfire. Oak Hill, Travis County. Dry conditions and human negligence combined to cause a wildfire in Travis County. Although it covered only 100 acres, it destroyed 11 homes and damage estimates reached $2 million.

         April 19, 2011: Hail. North Texas. A series of supercells brought widespread hail ranging from 0.75 inches to 3.5 inches over the course of the 5-hour storm. Damage was around $1 million.

         April 25–26, 2011: Supercells. East Texas. An upper level trough brought severe storms to East Texas for two days. On the 25th, 3 tornadoes touched down in Cherokee and Angelina counties, including two EF-1s; moderate hail was seen and downburst winds of 90-plus mph were reported. The next day, 10 tornadoes were reported, two of which were EF-1s near Ben Wheeler and Groesbeck, causing injuries. Total damage, $2.718 million.

         May 1, 2011: Thunderstorm Wind. Clyde, Callahan County. Isolated thunderstorms popped up in the Big Country near Abilene, bringing hail and strong winds. In Clyde, straight-line winds were reported in excess of 100 mph; damage, $2 million.

         May 11, 2011: Thunderstorm Wind. Scattered thunderstorms from Killeen to Burns in Bowie County caused strong winds, hail, flash flooding, and an EF-0 tornado near Lake Kiowa; damage, $1 million.

         June 18, 2011: Thunderstorm Wind. Meunster.Thunderstorms followed by a strong microburst in the early evening and straight-line winds greater than 80 mph caused widespread damage in excess of $1.36 million.

         June 20–21, 2011: Thunderstorm Wind. East Texas. Severe thunderstorms culminated in strong downburst winds, hail, and an EF-0 tornado. Winds greater than 80 mph occurred in Nacogdoches and San Augustine, a tornado in Shelby County, and moderate hail; damage, $1.04 million.

         June 28, 2011: Thunderstorm Wind. Titus County.Thunderstorms with 65 mph winds caused widespread damage at a cost of $1.6 million.

         Aug. 11, 2011: Flash Flood. Lubbock. Scattered thunderstorms brought heavy rain, wind, and hail to the Lubbock area. Some area received 1–4 inches of rain in an hour, causing high water damage to homes and vehicles. Farm and weather equipment in Dimmit were damaged by 90 mph winds. Total damage, $1.175 million.

         September–October 2011: Wildfires. Bastrop County. Three separate fires that began Sept. 4 merged into a single blaze east of the city of Bastrop and became known as the Bastrop County Complex fire. The fire destroyed 1,691 homes and much of Bastrop State Park was burned. Declared the most destructive wildfire in Texas history, it was finally extinguished on Oct. 29.

         Oct. 9, 2011: Tornado. San Antonio. An EF-1 tornado with winds up to 90–100 mph tore apart roofs, utility poles, and vehicles; damage, $1 million.

         Jan. 9, 2012 Supercells. South Texas. Squall-line thunderstorms, hail, and an EF-1 tornado hit southeast of Alice International Airport and parts of Robstown, causing an estimated $5 million in damage. Other straight-line winds and hail caused total damage of $8.66 million.

         March 29, 2012: Hail. McAllen. Strong thunderstorms, with wind gusts over 70 mph at Edinburg Airport, and severe hail up to 2.75 inches caused $50 million in property damage to homes and $1 million to crops. Rainfall between 4–6 inches fell in less than two hours, causing $5 million in flood damage.

         April 16, 2012: Tornadoes. Flash Floods. Gregory, San Patricio County. Thunderstorms along the Coastal Bend caused four tornadoes, including an EF-1 in Portland, two EF-0 tornadoes in Gregory, and another in Kleberg County. The Portland tornado caused $2 million in damage to homes and property. Around 80 percent of all homes in Gregory were flooded when storms dumped 2–6 inches of rain; some locations received up to 15 inches over several hours. Total damages topped $8.3 million.

         April 29, 2012: Hail. Lubbock County. Several severe storms blew up in West Texas near Lubbock with damaging hail and winds. Hailstones up to 4.5 inches fell in Whitharral, and winds gusts up to 95 mph near Wolfforth tore apart homes and cars. Damage estimates were $20 million from hail in west Lubbock and more than $5 million from wind.

         Nov. 22, 2012: Fog. Winnie, Chambers County. Dense fog early Thanksgiving morning caused a massive 150-car pileup on both sides of Interstate-10, causing two deaths and 80 injuries, 12 serious. Vehicular damage was $6 million.

         Dec. 19, 2012: Dust Storm. Lubbock. A strong Pacific front kicked up winds up to 70 mph, reducing visibility below 1/2 mile for more than 5 hours, the longest such event since 1977; property damage, $1 million.

         Dec. 25, 2012: Heavy Snow. North Texas. A moderate cold front and minor storms in North Texas produced wrap-around snow between 3–6 inches that caused 89 traffic accidents and costing $1.2 million.

        May 15, 2013: Tornado Outbreak. North Texas. A deadly tornado outbreak in North Texas claimed the lives of six people and injured more than 100 others. $250 million in damages were a result of an EF4 tornado in Mambrino and an EF3 tornado in Cleburne.

        May 28, 2013: Hailstorm. Amarillo. A massive hailstorm moving through the Amarillo area dropped hail as big as baseballs and caused $200 million in damages. An estimated 35,000 vehicles and thousands of homes in Amarillo were damaged.

        June 5, 2013: Hailstorm. Lubbock. Baseball-sized hail along with winds in excess of 90 mph caused more than $400 million in property damage in Lubbock. There were numerous reports of damage to homes, vehicles, as well as downed trees and power lines.

       October 30–31, 2014: Flash Flooding. Travis County. Six to ten inches of rain fell in Travis County and more than a foot of rain fell near Wimberley and Driftwood. Near Oak Hill, four people died and the flooding caused $100 million in property damage.

        April 3, 2014: Hailstorm. Denton. A severe thunderstorm moving through the Denton area dropped hail as big as softballs, which caused more than $500 million in damages to homes, businesses, and vehicles.

        May 11, 2014: Wildfire. Hutchinson County. A wildfire in Hutchinson County destroyed about 100 homes and caused the evacuation of more than 700 residents. The fire burned more than 1,000 acres and caused at least $10 million in damages.

        June 12, 2014: Hailstorm. Abilene. A severe hailstorm moving through Abilene dropped hail up to 4.5 inches in diameter across the city. There were 12 injuries and $400 million in property damage.