Business and Transportation
In 2013 the Texas economy continued its steady post-recession expansion, adding 274,700 nonfarm jobs, for an increase of 2.5 percent. Private sector employment grew by 2.9 percent, while government employment (federal, state, and local) grew by 0.8 percent. Pre-recession Texas employment peaked at 10,635,700 in August 2008, a level that was surpassed in September 2011, and since that point Texas has added an additional 548,000 jobs.. . . (click)
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For Texans, the 20th century did not begin on January 1, 1901, as it did for everyone else. It began nine days later, on Jan. 10, when, spurting drilling pipe, mud, gas and oil, the Lucas No. 1 well blew in at Spindletop near Beaumont.
The gusher spewed oil more than 100 feet into the air until it was capped nine days later. With that dramatic fanfare, Texas’ economy was wrenched from its rural, agricultural roots and flung headlong into the petroleum and industrial age. . . .
Indians found oil seeping from the soils of Texas long before the first Europeans arrived. . . . Melrose, in Nacogdoches County, was the site in 1866 of the first drilled well to produce oil in Texas. The driller was Lyne T. Barret. Barret used an auger, fastened to a pipe, and rotated by a cogwheel driven by a steam engine — a basic principle of rotary drilling that has been used since, although with much improvement.. . . .